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Agriculture in India has a long history, dating back to ten thousand years.
Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and logging accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic development of India. Slow agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India’s people depend on rural employment for a living.