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The Guajajara are one of the most numerous indigenous people (around 13,500) of Brazil. Inhabit 11 indians lands, all located in Maranhao in the eastern margin of Amazonia. Its history of 400 years of contact with the whites was marked by submissions, uprisings and tragedies. The last revolt of Guajajara, in 1901, was repressed by the last war against the Indians in the history of Brazil. They have another name more comprehensive, Tenetehara, which also includes the people Tembe. The language belongs to the Tupi-Guarani family.