Izmir's Ancient Agora was built at the base of Pagos Hill, the highest hill in ancient Smyrna/Izmir. What is an “agora”? According to the dictionary, it means; “ a public marketplace, a public gathering area for commerce as well as a forum for the citizens of a city”. It was used in ancient times for the social and political sounding board for opinions and commerce to be heard and shared. It is known that as early as the 900s–700s BC that, citizens that were free-born male land-owners would gather in the Agora to hear announcements and statements of the rulers.