Photo at Khocho Ruins (Gaochang Gucheng),
Turpan, Xinjiang, China
The Khocho Ruins is located in the Mutougou river delta at the south foothill of the flame mountain and is 45 km from Turpan city of Xinjiang. It began construction in the B.C. first century of Han Dynasty. It is one of the treasured places of religion culture in the world.
The Khocho Ruins assumes the rectangle shape with a perimeter of 5.4 km divided into three parts consisting of the outer city, the inner city and the imperial city. The outside wall base’s width is 12 meters and the wall’s height is 11.5 meters and it was built with earth. There are nine gates in the entire and the west side of the north city gate has the best preservation.
Khocho Ruins was abandoned in the end of the 13 century’s because of wars and majority of the buildings vanished. At present, the southwest and southeast corner outer city gate preserves two temples ruins. There is an irregular shape small castle in the center of the north inner city and the native calls it the khan fort. In 1961, Khocho Ruins is listed as one of the country’s key cultural relic preservation organ.