Polish War Cemetery in Bologna-San Lazzaro di Savena
Polish 2nd Corps and the liberation of Emilia Romagna.
The history of the Polish 2nd Corps is closely connected with formation of the Polish
Armed Forces in the Soviet Union commanded by Major-General Wladyslaw Anders. This
military unit was created after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, and the Polish
Government in exile based in London led by Commander-in-Chief Wladyslaw Sikorski
signed a military agreement with Moscow in August 1941. The Polish Army in the Soviet
Union consisted of Polish citizens from Soviet prisoner of war compounds and labour camps
where they were sent to after being captured, imprisoned or deported by Stalin when Germany
and the Soviet Union divided Poland in September 1939.