The Common fig (Ficus carica) is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree
native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region
(from Afghanistan to Greece). It grows to a height of 6.9–10 metres
(23–33 ft) tall, with smooth grey bark. The leaves are 12–25 centimetres
(4.7–9.8 in) long and 10–18 centimetres (3.9–7.1 in) across, and deeply
lobed with three or five lobes. The fruit is 3–5 centimetres (1.2–2.0 in)
long, with a green skin, sometimes ripening towards purple or brown. The sap of the fig's green parts is an irritant to human skin.