The nineteen windmills of Kinderdijk symbolise the way in which the Dutch have managed the water. For centuries, they have kept the land dry, which had been ravaged by subsidence and floods: the Alblasserwaard, once a rough and wet peat bog, but eventually colonised and reclaimed by man.
Pastures with grazing cattle, pollard willows and windmills, elongated villages along dykes and rivers, historical farms and standard-tree orchards in full bloom: this is the typically agricultural landscape of ‘Alblasserwaard en Vijfheerenlanden’, the southern edge of the Groene Hart (Green Heart) of the Netherlands.
The Kinderdijk windmill area is situated in the Alblasserwaard between the rivers Lek and Merwede, about 25 kilometres from Rotterdam. In 1997, UNESCO inscribed the windmill area on the World Heritage list, a recognition of its unique character.