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Description: Malacca, Malaysia
UNESCO's World Heritage Site's Date of Inscription: 2008
Core zone: 148 ha
Buffer zone: 284.07 ha
N5 25 17 E100 20 45
Malacca, a historic city of the Straits of Malacca has developed over 500 years of trading and cultural exchanges between East and West in the Straits of Malacca. The influences of Asia and Europe have endowed the town with a specific multicultural heritage that is both tangible and intangible. With its government buildings, churches, squares and fortifications, Malacca demonstrates the early stages of this history originating in the 15th-century Malay sultanate and the Portuguese and Dutch periods beginning in the early 16th century. The town constitutes a unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia.
Outstanding Universal Value
Malacca, Malaysia, is a remarkable example of a historic colonial town on the Straits of Malacca that demonstrates a succession of historical and cultural influences arising from its former function as a trading port linking the East and West. This is one of the most complete surviving historic city centre on the Straits of Malacca with a multi-cultural living heritage originating from the trade routes from Great Britain and Europe through the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and the Malay Archipelago to China. The town bears testimony to a living multi-cultural heritage and tradition of Asia, where the many religions and cultures met and coexisted. It reflects the coming together of cultural elements from the Malay Archipelago, India and China with those of Europe, to create a unique architecture, culture and townscape.
Criterion (ii): Malacca represents an exceptional example of a multi-cultural trading town in East and Southeast Asia, forged from the mercantile and exchanges of Malay, Chinese, and Indian cultures and three successive European colonial powers for almost 500 years, each with its imprints on the architecture and urban form, technology and monumental art.
Criterion (iii): Malacca is a living testimony to the multi-cultural heritage and tradition of Asia, and European colonial influences. This multi-cultural tangible and intangible heritage is expressed in the great variety of religious buildings of different faiths, ethnic quarters, the many languages, worship and religious festivals, dances, costumes, art and music, food, and daily life.
Criterion (iv): Malacca reflects a mixture of influences which have created a unique architecture, culture and townscape without parallel anywhere in East and South Asia. In particular, it demonstrates an exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses. These buildings show many different types and stages of development of the building type, some originating in the Dutch or Portuguese periods.
The integrity of the nominated area is related to the presence of all the elements necessary to express its Outstanding Universal Value. The property has retained its authenticity; listed monuments and sites have been restored with appropriate treatments regarding design, materials, methodologies, techniques and workmanship, in accordance with conservation guidelines and principles.
The protective measures for the property are adequate. The town exhibits a generally acceptable state of conservation, although efforts are required to ensure the conservation of shophouses. The management plans and structures are adequate, and can be enhanced through the continuing conservation programs of the State Party.
(adapted from http://whc.unesco.org)
It is the intention here to translate what has been the criterion of Malacca being nominated as a World Heritage Site into photographic images.
architecture, building, city, culture, history, town, church, historical, cityscape, heritage, site, world, british, cultural, dutch, malaysia, portuguese, colony, temple, empire [show more]