Alba Iulia Fortress - Romania

Alba Carolina is a fortress built at the beginning of the 18th century in the medieval town of Alba Iulia.

Prior to the epoch in which it was built, there were two other fortifications: the Roman Castles of the Legion XIII Gemina and the Medieval Fortress of Balgrad. It is the largest Vauban-style fortress in Romania and Southeast Europe.

Alba Iulia Fortress defense wall system

The Vauban style in which the Alba Carolina Citadel was built offers a note of authenticity to the place, remarked by its seven-pointed star shape with bastions. The preparatory works began with the topographical excavation, in 1711, of the city and the medieval fortress.

At present, the Alba Carolina Fortress encompasses two other fortresses, each representing the Roman, then medieval, urban development nuclei of the city.

Alba Iulia Fortress Gate, Romania

The fortress plan was created around the axes represented by the 6 gates (3 east and the rest west), the main one of which is in the east.

Second gate:

Alba Iulia

Gate III: The most spectacular

Alba Iulia Fortress, Romania

This gate is the main access point of the fortress, located on the eastern side. Built between 1715-1728, the third gate has the shape of a triumphal arch, and in the upper part there is a prismatic edifice on which the equestrian statue of Emperor Carol VI of Austria is placed. The gate has three entrances, a carriageway and two pedestrians, and a mobile bridge, closed during the night.

Alba Iulia

Inside the fortress are more landmarks to visit.

The Orthodox Unification Cathedral was built between 1921 and 1923.The first monarchs of the Unified Romania, King Ferdinand I and Queen Marie were crowned in the cathedral on 15 October 1922.

Alba Iulia, Romania

The main square of the fortress with the Union Museum an Apor Palace, the current University.

Alba Iulia, Romania

The Roman Catholic cathedral wich is the most representative building in the medieval Romanic style in Transylvania, and is considered to be an important monument of early Transylvanian medieval architecture.

Alba Iulia, Romania

Artillery parts and medieval landscape

Medieval Landscape

The Alba Carolina Guard soldiers are among the main attractions of the fortification, not just for children, but also the adults clinging to take pictures of them.

Photo credits: Andrei Stancu.

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March 05, 2019


...something went wrong with my previous post; I am planning on visiting Romania and Bulgaria sometime soon.

March 05, 2019


Romania and Bulgaria

December 10, 2018


I've been over to Romania six times while dating and after marrying my wife, but she never took me there. Next time! Thanks, William

December 09, 2018


Thank you Dave. You are right, it's an amazing place to visit :)

December 08, 2018


An amazing place ! Thanks !

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