Climbing Equipment

In the practice of mountain climbing and sport climbing, we meet enormously many risks that can be minimized using a good quality equipment and a suitable climbing technique. A person who practices these mountain activities must be physically healthy and, above all, mentally prepared. Prudence and boldness must be in a good balance, combined with the presence of spirit, determination and analysis ability in critical situations. It is advisable to carry out a thorough medical check-up at least once a year.

It is very important to know our own limits and physical possibilities. The route will always be chosen depending on team capacity. It is advisable to always keep a reserve of time for unanticipated cases such as: worsening weather, depreciation a route or accidents.

The two team climbers is the most common, fast and safe solution. The climb is done alternately, each partner going through a length of rope. Also, each will be the leader in turn provided that the level of experience of the partners is equal. Otherwise, the most experienced or in form leads the team and bears all responsibility. Entering in route will be done only on condition that both partners be equipped suitable.

Climbing Rope

The climbing rope represents the most important technical material; the security and the life of team members depend on their quality and correct use. The simple UIAA certified rope has the following features:

- Diameter: ranges from 10 to 12 millimeters.

- Length: 50 meters.

- Maximum supported shock force: 9,000-10,000 N (~ 920-1,000 Kg.).

- Static stretching: ranges between 6.5-8%.

- Minimum number of normalized falls: 6

- Breaking force: 25,000 N (~ 2550 Kg.).

- Weight: 65-77 g / m.

Climbing shoes

Climbing shoes are used with the following technical characteristics: flexible sole, very good adhesion to the rock, low weight, ergonomic shape adapted to the foot.

A man Knots a knot on a climbing harness

The harness is made of a strap of at least 5 cm in width. Some models are provided with straps for adjusting according to the thickness of the foot, these models being called adjustable harnesses. The sizes vary depending on the length of the waist (M - XXL) and the weight of the harness is approximately 300-400 g.

Ðlimbing carabiners

Carabiners are made of duralumin. The usual shape is the trapezoidal, which avoid loading the gate. According to the UIAA rules the minimum breaking load of a carabiner is 20 KN along the longitudinal axis direction and 7 KN along the axis direction cross. To avoid the involuntary opening of the gate, screw-locker carabiners must be used. They are used in belay and rappel devices.

Backpack with quickdraws

Quickdraws are pieces of climbing equipment used by climbers to allow the climbing rope to run freely through bolt anchors or other protection while leading. The straight gate carabiner is clipped to the protection; a bent gate is used for the rope.

Belay and rappel devices are mechanical piece of climbing equipment used to control a rope during belaying or rappeling.

POV image of climber woman in harness

Figure eight is used as a rappel device, but also for belaying. It is made of anodized duralumin (increased resistance to friction) and has multiple shapes (normal, with ears, rectangular) and thicknesses.

Climber.

The Gri-Gri device is the safest mechanically assisted braking belay at this time. Approved by UIAA, Gri-Gri is automatically locks into shock and stays locked by supporting tasks up to 9 KN.

Woman belaying other climber through a belay device.

Tubular devices generally have a tubular or rectangular shape. It is an evolution of the Sticht plate's concept by creating more surface area to dissipate heat and the ability to create sharper angles which creates a stronger degree of friction which has greater stopping power. As a result, this is generally the most common type of belay device used.

Used climbing equipment - carabiner without scratches, climbing hammer, white helmet and grey,red,green and black rope

The helmet is a very important object in practiceing mountaineering, its role being to absorb maximum energy, deforming until break, with respecting to shock values imposed by the UIAA rules. Numerous accidents have occurred due to stones that have fallen from the upper areas of the trails and others are caused by rock head striking during the uncontrolled fall

Rock climber putting chalk on hands to prepare for bouldering

Climbing chalk bag

Chalk (Magnesium carbonate) is the dust that ensures increased adhesion to hands in the difficult passages of the sport climbing.

Chalk is stored in a special chalk bag made of textiles waterproof and has different ergonomic shapes and designs. The bag must be fitted with the closing strap that does not allow the ingress of moisture into contact with magnesium carbonate (in case of rain). The bag must also be closed to prevent it loss of magnesium carbonate at times when climbing stays on the regrouping platform.

Photo credits: Empire331, Lithiumphoto, Photobac, Alexey Poprotskiy, Sonechka, Bondariev Volodymyr, Vitaliy Mateha, Andrii Vergeles, Iankovskii Ian.

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January 02, 2018

Egomezta

Great images, great blog, very interesting. I also like clambing.Regards

December 30, 2017

Oleggudzenko

Interesting :)

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