History through paintings by Jan Matejko

Stefan Batory at Pskov painting by Jan Matejko

History of the Republic of Poland can probably be described as one of the most eventful history in Europe. The country has been through many invasions, wars, elimination of sovereignty, uprisings and fighting for independence.

This history can be seen in numerous paintings of Jan Matejko (1838 - 1893) who was painting notable historical Polish political and military events.

Rejtan, painting by the Polish artist Jan Matejko

Jan Matejko lived in partitioned Poland, when Poland was erased as an independent state from the world's map, hence his painting where reminding about Polish culture and were inspirational to many Poles who lived at those times.

Painting by Jan Matejko the Constitution of May 3, 1791

There were many resistance movements in partitioned Poland between 1772 and 1918 to regain independent Polish state that resulted in millions of Poles emigrating to America fleeing Polish districts of Germany, Russia, and Austria to escape oppression.

Among them, there were two great Polish patriots; Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Kazimierz Pulaski, whose love for freedom and liberty compelled to fight for American independence under motto "For our freedom and yours"

Kosciuszko at the Battle of Raclawice

Jan Matejko paintings were subject to censorship in the Russian Empire, and Nazi Germany planned to destroy "Battle of Grunwald" and the "Prussian Homage".

Painting by Polish painter Jan Matejko

During WWII those painting where temporarily stored at the Polish consulate in Canada, and made their way across the ocean back to Poland between 1953 and 1960.

Conversation with God, sketch by Jan Matejko, Polish painter

Jan Matejko paintings are on display in numerous Polish museums; including the National Museum in Warsaw, National Museum in Kraków, National Museum in Poznań and National Museum in Wrocław.

Photo credits: Leszek Wrona.

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Very good , I'm from Krakow and I like it .


Very good blog and superb paintings.


Good pics of great paintings and I have learned a little bit of history :)

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