The I Hate to Keyword Guide to Keywording (part II)

Correct Image Name, Description, Categories and Age of Models.
Dreamstime offers a variety of methods to identify the important information in an image. The system provides variety and choice by offering four different means of adding information. These are the Image Name, Description, Categories and Keywords.
Here are some tips to entering information that will give you the best success:
Overall Impression. First, get a general overall impression of the image and note the words that come first to mind:
What does the image "say" to you?
What is the image about?
What is in the foreground?
What is the biggest element?
Which element has the most impact?
What is the major element regardless of how much of the overall image it physically takes up?
Ask yourself why would someone want to download the image. This may differ from why you made the picture.
Image name: This is the caption or title. It doesn't need to be long and drawn out. Save the details for the Image Description. The caption for the image on the right below is Five barns. The second image is captioned A game of pool. Perhaps a better title would be Man playing pool. Only capitalize the first letter of the image name unless it contains a person or place name. Never use model's names in any of the fields.
5 Barns
A game of pool
Articles Limit the use of a, an, the especially in the image title.
Example: The title of the image on the left below should be Woman in backseat of car. Not A woman in the backseat of a car. The second image should be Woman and dog.
Double portrait
Image description: Enter the details about an image in greater detail. The image description for the barn images is Barns on the top of a hill with a storm cloud in the background. A good description for the pool playing shot would be: A young man aims cue at pool balls in foreground. Only capitalize the first letter of the description unless it contains a person's name or a place name like John F Kennedy airport or Tower of London.
Category selection: This part of the process seems to be the most challenging of the four major tasks in completing the image information page. If the image doesn't fit into more than one category, just enter it into one category. If you can't find a good fit in the categories, pick the closest one. If you can find three categories that are appropriate that is great. But remember at least one category is mandatory.
Clarification: A portrait should be an image of a person or an animal that focuses mainly on the face or at the most waist up.
Example: There are three categories that are appropriate for the image of a teen below on the left. People: teens and not People: women should be selected because the model is a minor. Other possible categories are People: portraits and People: Expressions. People: cosmetic and makeup. Objects: clothing and accessories isn't a good category as the striped top is not prominent. But no need to obsess about making certain everything is in the right slot. Everyone has different approaches; it is difficult to be wrong, especially in the categories.
Stripey 3
Beautiful Flower Abstract
Specific categories: The categories under the Abstract list can be difficult to apply. The image of the flower above is certainly abstract in style. It helps to think of the abstract categories as both as a place to identify images with abstract style and/or and to attach a concept word to an image.
Example: The flower above is abstract in style and would fall into the category of Abstract: color and/or Abstract: background. The two images below are not abstract in style but do show abstract concepts: They are both correctly in the category Abstract:fun.
Objects: Still life. Another category that can be confusing is Objects: still life. In fine art, a still life is a composition made up of an object or several objects usually against a solid background. Many images of objects will be both in Objects: still life AND Objects:any subcategory that applies. See below.
Still-life of button, needle and thread
Music Instrument Background
Example: The image of a button on a solid background has been correctly categorized in two different Objects categories. It is correctly identified as Objects: Clothing and accessories as well as Objects: Still life. The musical instrument is in Objects:music and sound and could also be in Objects: still life.
Age of model: If possible find out the age of the model. In some cases it will be possible for you to look at a passport or driver's license to get the correct age. You can indicate both the actual age as well as the age that the person appears to be. Images of minors (under age 18 in some places; under age 21 in others) are limited for certain uses. In the US only people over 25 can be used in ads for alcohol, for example.
If the model is a minor, don't use the category People:women or People:men. Use People: teens.
Here some guidelines that aren't rigid but that might help you select more accurate age categories. More information about providing accurate keywords will follow in the next installment.
Infant/baby: This is a child from birth until four or so. Other good words for this age group include toddler, pre-schooler, child, kiddie,
Mouth open
Child:four or so to twelve. Other good words are kid, grade-schooler, tween (9-12)
Close-up portrait of young boy
Teen: age 13-20. For this category be certain to get teen or the actual age into the image data somewhere either in the image title or description. Other good words are adolescent, teenage, teenager, teenaged
Young adult: 21-40. If you don't have the exact age base the keywords on how young or old the model appears to be. Use young adult or man or woman and add their profession or trade if its obvious: businesswoman, fireman, teacher and/or their relationship: mother, father, etc.
Businessman reading newspaper
Middle-aged is reserved for people over 40 and under 60. Many of the same words apply as to the young adults.
Man portrait
Retired and mature should be used for healthy and active people over 50. When you add ages to images think of why they would be sought. This age group is about to become the largest single consumer group in American and other parts of the world as they reach retirement age. The designation should apply only to healthy and active. Other good keywords for this group are boomer and older.
Couple in love
Elderly and old should be reserved for the very old depending on their looks from 70 on up. They may be retired but generally that word is reserved for the more active people.
Elderly woman contemplating
Daughter with elderly mother and father.
And remember: Don't SPAM
To be continued...

Photo credits: , Absolut_photos, Galina Barskaya, Damir Karan, Daniela Spyropoulou, Elena Elisseeva, Godfer, Petro Hnuskin, Iofoto, Kurhan, Mathieu Viennet, Michaela Stejskalova, Dan Bannister, Phil Date, Photowitch, Piksel, Raycan, Shailesh Nanal, Stephen Strathdee, Natalia Guseva, Clipart Design, Thomas Voss, Yuri_arcurs.

Your article must be written in English

December 18, 2018


How to you add a two words as a single keyword?

October 01, 2008


Greatly appreciated!

June 05, 2007


Very usefull article. We must all follow your instructions/recommendations to increase our sales and make dreamstime much better and simpler...

Thanks for sharing..

April 02, 2007


Great post, thanks! I got a few tips that are common sense but was ignorant about them.

March 30, 2007


This is very helpful.

March 28, 2007


Ms Boughn, many thanks for all this job - English isn't my native language and so it is useful very much to read about keywording. Especially when it is so clearly written and explained, it is a pleasure to read! Have a wonderful day. Starblue

March 27, 2007


Thanks for your helpful tips and explainations. I have to admit that this was something I really didn't pay much attention to in the past. However, I will be more aware of successful keywording in the future.

March 27, 2007


you done great job Boughn. Many thanks. And we want more...

March 26, 2007


Yes! Very useful explanations! Categories have always been a stickler for me.

And I'm glad to know that I am still a young adult! Now I can seriously use the explanation that I'm just acting my age. :)

March 26, 2007


Extremely useful. Thanks!

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