Welcome in my garden again, Friends! :) Today let me introduce some species of my favourite flowers, orchids! I've worked in an orchid growing farm for a few months and after that time I'm keen on these beautiful plants! And belive me - as I'm a horticulturist :D - , not so difficult to live with one that you think of!
This is one of the most often seen orchids and is found in bridal bouquets quite often as well as being given on mothers day, these are the ones you see in a little box containing a single bloom in a tiny jar filled with water. These orchids can be difficult to flower as they are often over cared for! Cymbidiums are native to China, Japan and other areas of the region, require cool nights during the summer and a definite rise in temperature during the day of at least 5C (10F) if you want to see flowers rather than a plant pot of sword like leaves. They do not like draughts or extremes of temperature and are best kept out doors in a bright position but not in direct sun during the summer and early autumn - they must be kept frost free though otherwise they will die.
My favourite orchids with those rain of yellow flowers! This type of orchid comes in such a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colours you must be able to find a spot for one or two in your house. The flowers of this type of orchid are usually formed many on a flowering spike and are almost ready made flower sprays. Some but not all are highly fragrant too. Odontoglossum's are similar to Cymbidiums, cool growing orchids and like high levels of sunlight but not directly otherwise the leaves will scorch. Very easy-careing plants, flowering spike emerges from the base of the last ripened pseudobulb, usually every 9 months and come in a dazzling aray of colours, sizes and forms.
The most common orchids in Hungary's florists. The Phalaenopsis orchid is commonly known as the moth orchid as the flowers are borne on slender arching stems and the the white ones do look like moths in mid flight. This is a warm growing orchid and needs temperatures of at least 15C (60F) during the winter and can be allowed to rise up to 28C (82F) during the summer - 20C - 22C being the optimum.
Phalaenopsis make excellent house plants and will thrive in a centrally heated house providing some basic care is given. Simple misting with clean water several times a week during the summer or standing the plant pot on a large plate of wet pebbles will provide adequate humidity. The best time to spray the plants is mid morning as this will allow the water to evaporate before night time. You should not allow water to rest in the centre of the plant overnight or rot may occur with lighting speed! - and we are talking overnight in some cases if it's cold too.
These are some of the worlds most beautiful orchids and contain some of the rare blue orchids seen in cultivation today. They are naturally found in the Himalayas, Australia as well as some parts of New Guinea. All of the Vandas are epiphytic and grow on the trunks or branches of trees, this allows their aerial roots free access to any moisture in the atmosphere. They can grow in to tall plants up to 3 to 4' high and are generally grown in either baskets or on cork bark with the roots hanging down. The flowers of Vanda are usually flat faced and usually appear round as the petals and sepals are of equal size. A well grown plant may flower two or three times a year and produce up to 3 or 4 spikes of 10 3 to 5 inch flowers which can last for over a month. Quite a stunning display can be achieved from a well grown collection of Vandas.
Sorry for loooong article...I hope you will find it useful! :) Buy orchids and see you there next time with Paphiopedilums, Cattleyas, Dendrobiums...
Photo credits: Agnieszka Mac Uchman, Aginger, Amy Nicolai, Donkeyru, Martin Battiti, Nitsuki.