Revealed: 3 Secrets of Wildlife photography on an African safari

Africa is colorful, culturally alluring as it is captivating. Africa is home to 1.3 billion people, diverse and distinct, speaking over 2000 languages, living in 54 separate states,- throw in 54 different currencies, and you have recipe that can overwhelm any westerner.

Wildebeests are crossing Mara river. Great Migration.

Mention Africa in New York, London or Paris, two kinds of pictures come to mind; expansive Savannah, wild jungles, untamed landscape, teeming wildlife, or dirty hungry disaster hit, trouble prone,disease ridden, starving children. Which is not always true.

Fortunately those that visit the continent find a vibrant continent, a continent full of life; -hardworking, friendly people living side by side with rich flora and fauna. Most Africans are young, spirited,ambitious, focused and primed for life.

Population explosion, urbanization and technology have conspired to transform Dr. David Livingstone’s wild Africa from a dark continent to a fast paced 21st century behemoth awakening to industrialization.

Few places in Africa remain wild, countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, among others have established game parks and protected wildlife conservancies.

Have you been planning on experiencing an African wildlife safari, to interact and know its people? In this article I will share three secrets from an African’s perspective to help you enjoy your African photography safari.

1. How to prepare for your African wildlife safari

2. Must have equipment on an African wildlife safari

3. What you must know about an African wildlife safari

A young Maasai African boy from Kenya on a horseback

1. How to prepare for your African wildlife safari

Choose your Safari destination; favorites are East African countries of Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana and South Africa. To enjoy a more focused wildlife experience, choose a tour operator offering limited group sizes and select wildlife safaris.

Accommodation should be as close as possible to wildlife, to lessen time spent tracking animals.


Africa lies on the equator, its extreme equatorial and tropical climates are rich breeding grounds for insects. Plan to get your vaccine jabs which are not so different from many other countries.

Carry a personal medical kit, it should include in its contents, pain relief tablets, anti diarrhea tablets, antiseptic cream, insect repellant, and sunscreen.

Great migration in Africa. Huge herds of herbivores. Mara River, Kenya


Unless you plan on spending time on Africa’s beautiful beaches, avoid colorful clothes.To get close to wildlife, wear dull colors, khaki, white or gray, will blend well with nature.

Countries in East Africa and Southern Africa are mountainous, it gets extremely cold at night which is shocking contrast to the blaring heat of day. Carry several layers of clothes.

Long Sleeve clothes and long pants will protect you from insect bites, wear protective shoes against the rough terrain, safari boots are highly recommended.

Other Accessories

Sunscreen, lots of sunscreen, will help you avoid sunburn. Sunglasses will protect your eyes from glare, a wide brimmed hat will give you relief from the heat, and an insulated water bottle will help your body remain re hydrated.

Migration of wildebeest

2. Must have equipment on an African wildlife safari

Since this article is written to photographers, I won’t offer advise on what type of photographic equipment to carry, -every professional photographer knows what works best for them.

Here is what you must know to help you choose the right equipment for your African wildlife safari;


The sun in Africa blazes. The best times to get decent photos are at dawn break, that is 6,00 A.M to about 9.00 o’clock in the morning and from about 5 o'clock in the evening to about 6.45 P.M.

Carry a hood for your lens, a flash and flash extender if you plan shooting during the day. Polarizers will help reduce sunlight glare.


Global warming and forest depletion have caused dust storms, most parks are un tarmacked, and can be extremely dusty during dry seasons, to protect your camera and equipment carry durable dust proof casing.

Desertification, sheep and goats forced to take shelter under the shade of an only tree

Equipment Protection

Most game parks have rough roads, bumpy car drives may be unforgiving to your equipment, carry a bean bag to help reduce camera shakes. A window mount will also help keep long lenses steady.

Equipment may fail, carry backup equipment, an extra camera or two. Carry several back up batteries and an inverter to help you charge in the car. A screwdriver, duct tape and leatherman may save you from disaster if your equipment fails.

Carry plenty of pre moisturized lens cleaning equipment. Consider buying a Maasai blanket it will help protect your equipment.

Kilimanjaro Tanzania African Elephants Safari Kenya

3. What you must know about an African wildlife safari

An African wildlife safari is not a walk in the zoo, you are a visitor in wildlife territory. Your tour guide who often doubles as your driver is highly knowledgeable on habits, quirks, characteristics and temperaments of different wild animals.

Be friendly to your tour guide, respect their judgment, listen to their advice, follow their lead. Africans are friendly, especially to foreigners. A know it all attitude will set you off on the wrong footing.

Both white and native tour guides, are born, bred and live side by side with wildlife. They know the territory better than google. Be friendly and attentive, -your tour guide can help you shoot exquisite photos.

Having flown all the way to Africa, take time to appreciate what an African wildlife safari has to offer. It's not all about shooting photos, take a moment and pause, enjoy your surroundings, be present.

Finally if you are planning to visit East Africa, wave to the writer, that is my home, I may share one or two bonus tips!

Photo credits: Paul Hampton, Augustine Masiga, Andrey Gudkov, Victor Lapaev, Zahorec.

Your article must be written in English

March 15, 2019


nice pictures. :)

March 14, 2019


Great article, I went to Tanzania in

March 13, 2019


Thanks Zehrabasak, Please come visit this great continent.

March 12, 2019


Great article, I want to come to Africa.

March 02, 2019


Thanks Rbrucew, please come visit the continent again, so much has changed for the better since 1996, come create positive memories, you won't have to crawl around so much in the company of a knowledgeable tour for black mambas and ticks in the parks,...well.. let's just say they come with the territory, dress protectively, will be perfectly safe.....

February 28, 2019


In 1996 I spent 6 months in Gaborone, Botswana's capital, but because of heavy work commitments I didn't get to see much of the country, let alone the rest of the continent. I have fond memories of Saturday coffee and/or lunch on the President Hotel terrace. I have less fond memories of crawling around in the scrub at Mochudi. I was watching out for black mambas and spitting cobras, but got bitten by a tick and got sick. This was in the film days, and I am planning on going back sometime, hopefully soon, with my digital gear.

February 15, 2019


ooh.....Draganjanovic Africa awaits your graceful visit..!...Thank you for reading.

February 15, 2019


secrets are revealed, now I have to buy a ticket, and Africa- here I come!

February 13, 2019


Thanks William, 'Karibu sana rafiki!'I always appreciate your encouragement. Keep your dream alive, Africa is waiting for you...,come visit the land of 'Hakuna Matata'

February 13, 2019


Such a great article. Your writing sparks my dream afresh, to make a trip to the African continent one day. I love Dr. David Livingstone's writings and biographies about his life. And of course, I love the wildlife. Asante! William

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