Warsaw's Old Town, testimonial of Polish culture
The Warsaw's Old Town was declared as the UNESCO's World Heritage Site in 1980 and is listed as "an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century.
The Warsaw Old Town was established in the 13th century. In the heart of the Old Town is the Old Town Market Square that served as a place for regular fairs and festivities until the end of the 18th century. Surrounding streets feature medieval architecture such as the city walls, the Barbican and St. John's Cathedral.
Castle Square is an impressive square, dominated by Zygmunt's Column and the Royal Castle. The Zygmunt's Column commemorates King Zygmunt III Waza who moved Poland’s capital from Cracow to Warsaw in 1596 and established his residency here building the Royal Castle.
Almost every building in the Old Town is a blend of different styles from Gothic to Baroque forming unique architectural style.
During the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, more than 85% of Warsaw's historic center was deliberately destroyed by Nazi troops. The Polish capital city was reduced to ruins obliterating the centuries-old tradition of Polish statehood.
After the war, a reconstruction campaign by Warsaw’s and Poland’s citizens alike resulted in today's meticulous restoration of the Old Town. It is an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century and manifestation of testimonial of Polish culture.
Photo credits: Leszek Wrona.
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