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Secret fraternities, secret societies, the Greek system all have a long history at Ivy League colleges and universities. The Sphinx, founded in 1885, is the oldest of the eight senior societies at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire.
The Sphinx Tomb, constructed in 1903 on East Wheelock Street, was designed by Manchester architect William M. Butterfield and reflects the Egyptian Revival architectural style popular during the mid-nineteenth century. In 1923 a significant addition was planned for the tomb; however, the proposed addition was never constructed. Instead a smaller rear addition was constructed in 1926. The interior of the Sphinx was replaced after a fire started in the building's furnace destroyed it in 1929. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.