José Julián Martí Pérez (January 28, 1853 – May 19, 1895) is the Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. He was also a part of the Cuban Freemasons. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cubas bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century, and is referred to as the Apostle of Cuban Independence. He also wrote about the threat of United States expansionism into Cuba. From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain. Jose Marti was also founder of Cuban free masons.
CAPTION - Man holding Cuban free masons flag next to the statue of Jose Marti at entrance of Palacio Masonico in Havana, Cuba, official building of Cuban free masons.