When I started out I used sheets (bought on sale at walmart/target) as backdrops, one alien bee strobe light, a softbox, and a reflector for the fill (or just a white wall). There are a lot of cheaper lights but I usually just hear complaints about them either breaking quickly, or not providing enough power to avoid motion blur. Alienbees are a great investment too since they hold their resale value well!
If you have some nice windows you can also use window light and a reflector. Garage light even works great (just open up the garage door), and use the shade right next to the edge of the light).
What you need will really depend on what you want to shoot and what you have available to you already.
You can get a nice basic 3 light kit for about 100.00. FOr a back drop, I built a frame of PVC pipe and some white muslin from a fabric store. I ahve 2. One that is big enough for people and one table top.
First you got to be creative and know what kind of picture you like to shoot more, because space is the one of the most important thing when you are planing to setup a home base studio. If you like to shot table-top picture than a small room with 3 X 3 meter should be fine. For lighting there is only two kind Continues light and Strobe light. In youtube there are lots of DIY helpful info in this category, happy learning.
1. try to learn and understand the basics of lighting first - (google out tutorials on; soft light, table top lighting setup, fill light,... new topics will emerge with every tutorial you watch...)
2. based on image style you are after, put down a list of needed lights: for example hard key light, soft fill light, harsh rim light...
3. use your brain to create those light with stuff you already have... - (you can even do 3-light setup with only one light source - with help of mirrors, reflectors, flags... - and those don't necessarily have to be professional tools - you can use window, desk lamp, cable synced flash as light source)
Learning about light is the key. Remember white balance is also important. If you use normal bulbs mixed with fluorescent and fill with a window light, you have three different "color" lights. There are many great tutorials online about this. I know Mark Wallace did a great video on Adora ATV (on YouTube) about using basic gear to do a small home studio setup. He used a single flash both on and off camera..
What i do for all my "studio" shots. I have my trusty external flash with rotational head. I bounces it in the roof then let it hit my models/products. I like the soft indirect light i get from doing that.
Then i just pump up the whites in lightroom and some skin retouching in photohshop, and vola - all done.
Quick , easy - And cheap.
Tamron 70-300 mm F/4.0-5.6 |
Sigma 85 mm F/1.4 | Sigma 105 ...
- Hang a large sheet from the ceiling, 2 meters away from the wall. - Put a powerful light source behind the sheet. It will create the perfect white bg. - Put your model/object 1,5 - 2 mt. away from the sheet. So that backlight will not effect him/her/it. - Use proper lighting and make some experiments. Front light should be less powerful then the backlight. - Learn about lighting. It's vital. (That's what I do)